British Columbia Rare Bird Review List

31 December 2019

The sequence of birds on this list follows the 7th edition of the A.O.U. Check-List of North American Birds and updates through to the 60th supplement.

The BC Bird Records Committee solicits information on the following 174 species on the Review List, as well as species unrecorded in the province. In general, review species average two or fewer occurrences per year over the past ten year period. There are a few cases where species may exceed this threshold, but are included so that we can get a better idea of occurrence in the province. Documentation should be submitted to the BCBRC via the online report submission form at or via email to bcbrc.chair AT gmail DOT com

Note: This review list will be updated periodically as new species are added to the Provincial Main and/or Provisional lists, as our understanding of annual occurences increases, and as taxonomy changes. Check the BCFO website to ensure you have the latest version.

Review List 2019
(pdf) for download


Family: Anatidae – Ducks, Geese, and Swans

Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Emperor Goose Anser canagicus
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus 
Baikal Teal Sibirionetta formosa
Garganey Spatula querquedula
Falcated Duck Mareca falcata
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
Steller’s Eider Polysticta stelleri
Spectacled Eider Somateria fischeri
King Eider Somateria spectabilis
Common Eider Somateria mollissima
Smew Mergellus albellus


Family: Columbidae – Pigeons and Doves

Oriental Turtle-Dove Streptopelia orientalis
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica


Family: Cuculidae – Cuckoos

Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus


Family: Caprimulgidae – Nightjars

Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis
Eastern/Mexican Whip-poor-will Antrostomus sp


Family: Trochilidae – Hummingbirds

Mexican Violetear Colibri thalassinus
Rivoli’s Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens
Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris
Costa’s Hummingbird Calypte costae
Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus
Xantus’s Hummingbird Hylocharis xantusii


Family: Rallidae – Rails, Gallinules and Coots

Common Gallinule Gallinula galeata

Family: Gruidae – Cranes

Common Crane Grus grus
Whooping Crane Grus americana


Family: Charadriidae – Plovers

Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
Piping Plover Charadrius melodus
Lesser Sand-Plover Charadrius mongolus
Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus
Snowy Plover Charadrius nivosus

Family: Scolopacidae – Sandpipers and Allies

Bristle-thighed Curlew Numenius tahitiensis
Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris
Ruff Calidris pugnax
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii
Spoon-billed Sandpiper Calidris pygmea
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima
Little Stint Calidris minuta
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus
Willet Tringa semipalmata
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola

Family: Alcidae – Auks

Dovekie Alle alle
Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia
Kittlitz’s Murrelet Brachyramphus brevirostris
Scripps’s Murrelet Synthliboramphus scrippsi
Guadalupe Murrelet Synthliboramphus hypoleucus
Parakeet Auklet Aethia psittacula
Least Auklet Aethia pusilla
Whiskered Auklet Aethia pygmaea
Crested Auklet Aethia cristatella

Family: Laridae – Gulls and Terns

Red-legged Kittiwake Rissa brevirostris
Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus
Ross’s Gull Rhodostethia rosea
Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla
Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus
Slaty-backed Gull Larus schistisagus
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus
Aleutian Tern Onychoprion aleuticus
Least Tern Sternula antillarum
Elegant Tern Thalasseus elegans


Family: Phaethontidae – Tropicbirds

Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda


Family: Gaviidae – Loons

Arctic Loon Gavia arctica


Family: Diomedeidae – Albatrosses

Short-tailed Albatross Phoebastria albatrus

Family: Procellariidae – Petrels and Shearwaters

Murphy’s Petrel Pterodroma ultima
Mottled Petrel Pterodroma inexpectata
Hawaiian Petrel Pterodroma sandwichensis
Cook’s Petrel Pterodroma cookii
Great Shearwater Ardenna gravis
Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus
Black-vented Shearwater Puffinus opisthomelas

Family: Ciconiidae – Storks

Wood Stork Mycteria americana


Family: Fregatidae – Frigatebirds

Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens

Family: Sulidae – Boobies and Gannets

Nazca Booby Sula granti
Blue-footed Booby Sula nebouxii
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster

Family: Phalacrocoracidae – Cormorants

Red-faced Cormorant Phalacrocorax urile

Family: Ardeidae – Herons

Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis

Family: Threskiornithidae – Ibises

White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi


Family: Cathartidae – New World Vultures

Black Vulture Coragyps atratus


Family: Accipitridae – Hawks, Eagles and Kites

White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus
Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus
Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis

Family: Strigidae – Owls

Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia1


Family: Picidae – Woodpeckers

Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus
Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus
White-headed Woodpecker Dryobates albolarvatus

Family: Falconidae – Caracaras and Falcons

Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway
Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus

Family: Tyrannidae – Tyrant Flycatchers

Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens
Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus
Thick-billed Kingbird Tyrannus crassirostris
Gray Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus
Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens
Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus

Family: Laniidae – Shrikes

Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus

Family: Vireonidae – Vireos

Black-capped Vireo Vireo atricapilla
White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus
Yellow-green Vireo Vireo flavoviridis

Family Corvidae – Crows, Jays, and Magpies

Pinyon Jay Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus
California Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma californica

Family: Alaudidae – Larks

Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis2

Family: Hirundinidae – Swallows

Cave Swallow Petrochelidon fulva

Family: Troglodytidae – Wrens

Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis

Family: Polioptilidae – Gnatcatchers

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea

Family: Muscicapidae – Old World Flycatchers

Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus
Blue Rock-Thrush Monticola solitarius
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe

Family: Turdidae – Thrushes and Allies

Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis
Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina
Dusky Thrush Turdus naumanni
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
Redwing Turdus iliacus

Family: Mimidae – Mockingbirds and Thrashers

Curve-billed Thrasher Toxostoma curvirostre
Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum

Family: Prunellidae – Accentors

Siberian Accentor Prunella montanella

Family: Motacillidae – Wagtails and Pipits

Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola
Gray Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
White Wagtail Motacilla alba
Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus
Sprague’s Pipit Anthus spragueii

Family: Fringillidae – Finches and Allies

Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
Oriental Greenfinch Chloris sinica
Lesser Goldfinch Spinus psaltria

Family: Calcariidae – Longspurs and Snow Buntings

Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus
McCown’s Longspur Rhynchophanes mccownii
McKay’s Bunting Plectrophenax hyperboreus

Family: Emberizidae – Old World Buntings

Rustic Bunting Emberiza rustica

Family: Passerellidae – New World Sparrows

Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata
Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys
Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla
Sagebrush Sparrow Artemisiospiza nevadensis
Baird’s Sparrow Centronyx bairdii
Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus

Family: Icteridae – Blackbirds and Allies

Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius
Hooded Oriole Icterus cucullatus
Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus

Family: Parulidae – New World Warblers

Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea
Lucy’s Warbler Leiothlypis luciae
Hooded Warbler Setophaga citrina
Northern Parula Setophaga americana
Blackburnian Warble Setophaga fusca
Chestnut-sided Warbler Setophaga pensylvanica
Black-throated Blue Warbler Setophaga caerulescens
Pine Warbler Setophaga pinus
Yellow-throated Warbler Setophaga dominica
Prairie Warbler Setophaga discolor
Hermit Warbler Setophaga occidentalis
Painted Redstart Myioborus pictus

Family: Cardinalidae – Cardinals and Allies

Summer Tanager Piranga rubra
Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea
Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea
Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris
Dickcissel Spiza americana

1 Records of Burrowing Owl are being solicited for birds that are outside of known re-introduction areas. In most cases it will not be possible to know if individuals are from the re-introduced population or wild vagrants from other populations unless origin can be determined from band results.

2 Eurasian Skylark records are being solicited for all areas outside of the Saanich Peninsula where a long-established introduced population persists. Records from within the Saanich Peninsula are sought for any birds that are suspected of being of the Asian pekinensis subspecies.


Page last updated 09 January 2019